The presentation of the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute’s "Henry Morgenthau" commemorative medal to a Japanese friend of the Armenian nation
Mr. Armen Sargsyan, president of the Republic of Armenia, who was on a working visit to Japan, visited the Shibusawa Eiichi Memorial-Foundation established by that well-known Japanese businessman, philanthropist and friend of the Armenian people in Tokyo on July 23. There he met its director, Mr. Koichi Kabayama and Eiichi Shibusawa's great grandson, Masahide Shibusawa.
During his visit, President Sargsyan presented Masahide Shibusawa with the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute’s "Henry Morgenthau" commemorative medal. It was presented as a token of gratitude to Japanese businessman Eiichi Shibusawa for the establishment of “The Armenian Relief Fund”, which provided significant assistance to Armenians after the Armenian Genocide and for its invaluable contribution to helping people in need.
THE STORY OF THE GEVORGYAN FAMILY FROM KHOTORJUR
The Gevorgyan family was one of the prominent families living in the Khotorjur village group in the Kiskim district of Erzurum province.
On the eve of the Armenian Genocide there were 978 Armenian houses in 9 quarters of Khotorjur, with a population of 6,906 mostly Catholic Armenians. The Gevorgyans' grandfather, Serob (born in 1824, in Mijintagh, a village in the Khotorjur group), married Almas Kuroghlyan from Khotorjur and they had six children: two daughters, Maruz and Saner and four sons, Harutyun (1860-?), Galust (1865-1926), Hovhannes (1870-1934) and Ispiridon (1874-1939).
Galust Gevorgyan, marrying Vergine, the daughter of brother of the famous Ter Karapet Chakhalyan from Mijintagh, had six sons: Serob (1891-1948), Artashes (1894-1937), Torgom (1898-1982), Yervand (1903-1986), Manas (1903-1964) and Alexan.
THE STORY OF THE MKRTCHYAN FAMILY FROM MEZRE
The Mkrtchyan family was from the town of Mezre in the Kharberd province of Western Armenia. Tovmas and Yester Mkrtchyan had six children: Yervand, Zenob, Arsen, Araxi, Armine and Alis. The father of the family, Tovmas Mkrtchyan, was a protestant pastor who, from 1896, worked in the service of the British Eastern Consulate in Egypt, which enabled him to avoid arrest and exile.
The deportation order for the Kharberd Armenians was issued in June 1915. Widespread searches, arrests, looting and torture all started under the pretext of finding weapons. Yester and her children managed to find shelter in a local American missionary building.
One day the order for “exile” paper was posted on the Mkrtchyans’ house.
The memoir of Srbuhi Hovakyan, who survived the Armenian Genocide by a miracle, was published in France
The French National Library published an English and French diary-memoir in April of this year titled "The Earth Alone Can Help Us" written by Srbuhi Hovakyan, who, by the narrowest margin, survived Armenian Genocide. It was edited by Raymond Kevorkian and Maximilian Girard. The presentation of the book took place at the National Library of France on May 11, during which Raymond Kevorkian, Maximilian Girard and Annie Roman, Srbuhi's granddaughter, gave introductory speeches.
Srbuhi Hovakyan's memoir is unique because it was written during the days of the Ottoman Empire's genocide against the Armenians. Eyewitness accounts describe the events of 1915-1918. She is one of the few Armenians who survived one of the most horrific episodes of the Armenian Genocide, the Kemakh gorge massacre.
Memory and social movements; Participation in the international conference
Suren Manukyan, head of the Department of Comparative Genocide Studies at the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute participated in the international conference, called: “Memory Studies meets Social Movement Studies– how collective/collected memories have shaped social movements in past and present”
, which was organized by the Institute of Social Movements at Bochum Ruhr University.
The conference, which was to take place in Bochum in June 2020, was postponed due to the Covid-19 epidemic. And this year, taking into account the epidemic situation in Germany, it was decided to hold it online on July 18-19, 2021. The conference was an attempt to discuss the possibilities of interdisciplinary research in these two disciplines, to clarify the link between collective memory and "social movements".
Commemoration event at the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute
A commemorative event dedicated to the 100th anniversary of the martyrdom of theologian, pedagogue, scientist, linguist and musician Armenag Haigazian took place in the conference hall of the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute on 7 July. He was arrested by Kemalist forces on 22 May 1921, exiled, became infected with spotted fever on his way to exile and died on 7 July 1921 due to a deliberate delay in treatment.
The Haigazian University in Beirut was so named in his honour.
The commemoration event was attended by graduates of Haigazian University of various years, including former Republic of Armenia Foreign Minister Ara Ayvazyan.
“Teaching the Topic of the Armenian Genocide”
A Summer School Educational Program for Teachers
The Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute Foundation is organizing a two-day summer school for Armenian history teachers titled “Teaching the Topic of Armenian Genocide” to take place on 20-21 August 2021.
The course may be attended by history teachers of RA secondary and high schools.
The aim of the AGMI course is to train teachers in the use of modern methods of teaching the subject of the Armenian Genocide and to deepen their knowledge of its various aspects, taking into account the psychological features of the subject and current developments in genocide studies.
ANNOUNCMENT CONCERNING DOCTORATE DEGREES
The Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute Foundation announces admissions to its post-doctoral degree programme for the 2021-2022 academic year. This is in accordance with the Government of the Republic of Armenia’s decision N 760-N of 13 May 2021 titled “On approving the places of admission to post-doctoral degree programmes and their distribution among the higher educational institutions and scientific organizations of the Republic of Armenia for the 2021-2022 academic year”.
A Lecture for European Students
On 3 July 2021, at the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute a lecture was delivered by AGMI researcher Regina Galustyan (Educational Programs Department), for nearly thirty students who arrived from different European countries within the framework of a study visit organized by the EU accredited Slovakia Association of Activities, Education and Travel [S.P.A.C.E. - Spolok pre aktivitu, cestovanie edukáciu].
She began her speech by describing the discriminatory policies of the Ottoman Empire and the culture of pre-genocidal violence.
AGMI library has been enriched with new books
During May-June 2021, the library of the "Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute" Foundation has grown by 500 books, thanks to individual donors, cooperation with the Institute of History of the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Armenia and by purchases. Pedagogue and public figure Gevorg Mesrop’s (Gevorg Ter-Mesropyan) personal library stands out in terms of quantity and antiquity and is registered in the AGMI library as a separate collection. It consists of four hundred and thirty books in Armenian and French.
Thanks to cooperation with the Institute of History of the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Armenia, the library has also been enriched with about seventy specialized titles published by the Institute of History over the past ten years. In its turn, the AGMI has, under the terms of a reciprocal agreement, given copies its publications to the Institute of History in the last few years.
San Francisco Board of Supervisors Declaration on the Armenian Genocide
The Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute recently received, as a donation, the original statement made by the San Francisco Board of Supervisors on 24 April 2021, with which the San Francisco Board of Supervisors (City Council) announced April 24, 2021 as “Armenian Genocide Remembrance Day” in San Francisco and urged US President Joseph Biden to keep his promise to formally recognize the Armenian Genocide. At the same time, the San Francisco Board of Education was called upon to reaffirm its commitment to teach the historical facts of the Armenian Genocide in San Francisco public schools.
The statement adopted also stated that the 44-day destructive attack by Azerbaijan on Artsakh (Nagorno-Karabakh) on 27 September 2020, with the military-political support of Turkey, was a direct result of the Turkish-Azerbaijani policy of denial of the Armenian Genocide.
A Book by Jakob Künzler was Donated to the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute by Felix Ziegler
The book “Dreissig Jahre Dienst im Orient” was donated by its author Jakob Künzler to the Danish missionary Karen Jeppe with his handwriting on the first page: “Der lieben Mitarbeiterin Caren Jeppe überreicht vom Verfasser” (to the dear co-worker Karen Jeppe, handed over by the author). Now the book is part of the AGMI Collection, handed over to us by Mr. Felix Ziegler, successor of Jakob Künzler.
Künzler and Jeppe were working in Urfa during World War I and witnessed the Armenian Genocide, trying to help as much as possible and saving the life of thousands. However Karen Jeppe was so depressed from observing daily the cruelties on helpless wives and children that in 1917 she temporarily departed to Denmark. Jakob Künzler accompanied her half of the way to ensure that she would arrive safely. This travel reinforced their friendship.
The Visit of the Chargé d’Affaires of the Embassy of the Kingdom of Spain to the Armenian Genocide Memorial
On 24 June, Mr. Gonzalo Fournier, Chargé d'Affaires of the Embassy of the Kingdom of Spain in Moscow, who arrived in the Republic of Armenia on a working visit, visited the Armenian Genocide Memorial.
Senior guide of the Armenian Genocide Museum Hasmik Martirosyan presented to Mr. Fournier the history of the Genocide Monument.
Memorandum of Understanding between the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute Foundation and Institute for Informatics and Automation Problems of NAS RA
On June 2021, a cooperation agreement was signed between the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute Foundation (AGMI) and the Institute for Informatics and Automation Problems of the RA National Academy of Sciences (IIAP).
The signed agreement creates a basis for the development of joint scientific projects in the fields of scientific, scientific-technical and innovation activities.
Teaching the Topic of the Armenian Genocide
The Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute launched a free educational programme titled “Teaching the Topic of the Armenian Genocide”
in 2019. It is intended for secondary school (grades VIII-IX) and high school (grades X, XI, XII) students.
The aim of the educational programme is to introduce the history of the Armenian Genocide to schoolchildren with a non-traditional methodology, to make them acquainted with the historical heritage of Western Armenia and the heroic experience of the Armenian people.
Visit of the Acting Deputy Assistant Secretary of State to Armenian Genocide Memorial
On 10 June, Acting Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for European and Asian Affairs Philip Reeker visited the Armenian Genocide Memorial.
The guests were welcomed by the director of the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute Harutyun Marutyan, who presented to the guest the history of the construction of the Armenian Genocide Memorial.
A Monograph by Shushan Khachatryan has been published
The monograph titled The Role of Religion in the Realization of the Armenian Genocide
by Dr. Shushan Khachatryan, head of the AGMI Armenian Genocide Victims' Documentation and Data Collection Department, has been published.
The monograph examines the use of religion as a factor and tool in the realization of the Armenian genocide as seen in an historical-religious light.
Announcement on Admission to Doctoral Degree Program
The Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute announces admissions to Doctoral degree program (in-person) for the current academic year 2021-2022. This is in accordance with decision No. N 799-N of 20 May 2021 made by the Government of the Republic of Armenia and titled “On approving the places of admission to Doctoral degree programs and their distribution among the higher educational institutions and scientific organizations of the Republic of Armenia for the 2021-2022 academic year”.
The museum will be closed on May 28.
The Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute Foundation
The newly appointed Ambassador of Montenegro paid tribute at Armenian Genocide Monument
The newly appointed Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Montenegro to the Republic of Armenia (residence in Kyiv) Dragica Ponorac visited the Armenian Genocide Memorial.
The newly appointed Ambassador was welcomed by the director of the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute Harutyun Marutyan.
Ambassador of Senegal visits Armenian Genocide Memorial
On 22 May, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Republic of Senegal to the Republic of Armenia Abdou Salam Diallo (residence in Moscow) visited the Armenian Genocide Memorial Museum.
AGMI library was replenished with antique books
“Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute” Foundation’s library has been replenished with 61 antique books.
The books were donated to the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute by “Khoren and Shushanik Avetisyan” School.
Commemoration of the victims of the Greek Genocide
On 19 May, on the anniversary of the Greek Genocide in Pontus, the Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Greece to Armenia Evangelos Tournakis, state and public figures, AGMI Director Harutyun Marutyan, AGMI staff, and members of the Greek community in Armenia paid tribute to the memory of the victims of the Greek Genocide.
The Prime Minister of Georgia Irakli Garibashvili paid tribute to the memory of the martyrs of the Armenian Genocide
On 12 May, the Prime Minister of Georgia Irakli Garibashvili, who arrived in Armenia on a working visit, visited the Tsitsernakaberd Memorial accompanied by the Deputy Prime Minister of the Republic of Armenia Tigran Avinyan. Prime Minister laid flowers and paid tribute to the memory of the innocent martyrs.
Gevorg Mesrop (Gevorg Ter-Mesropian) was born in Partizak on12 May 1881. He received his primary education in Partizak under the supervision of Abraham Varzhapet, then in the co-educational community school. He has studied at the theological seminary in Jerusalem and, immediately after graduation, began his teaching career. He returned to Partizak in 1904 and was ordinated a deacon at the Armash theological seminary by Patriarch Maghakia Ormanyan.
The Saeima of the Republic of Latvia officially recognized and condemned the Armenian Genocide
Today, the Latvian parliament issued a special statement officially recognizing and condemning the Armenian Genocide. The announcement particularly states:
“The Saeima of the Republic of Latvia: noting that it is important to commemorate the lost lives of those people who perished in the Armenian genocide organized by the Ottoman Empire authorities – in mass murders and forced deportations which began on April 24, 1915 with the arrests of intellectuals and activists of the Armenian community in the former Constantinople;
Sergey Lavrov visited the Armenian Genocide Memorial
On 6 May, the Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov, who arrived in Armenia on a working visit, visited the Armenian Genocide Memorial accompanied by the Armenian Foreign Minister Ara Ayvazyan.
The guests were welcomed by the Deputy Scientific Director of the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute Edita Gzoyan. The Foreign Ministers laid a wreath at the memorial to the victims of the Armenian Genocide and laid flowers at the Eternal Fire.
“THE FOUR-YEAR WAR IN THE EAST: THE FRANCO-ARMENIAN PARTNERSHIP DURING THE WAR”
The Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute hosted a presentation of the memoir titled “The Four-Year War in the East: the Franco-Armenian Partnership During the War” written by naval officer, translator and participant in the rescue of the Armenians of Musa-Ler, Charles-Tiran Tekeian on 30 April, 2021. The author of the explanatory comments and notes concerning the memoir is philologist Karen Aristakesyan.
Dr. Harutyun Marutyan, AGMI Director, in his opening speech, noted the great work Mr. Aritakesyan had carried out and stated: “The work is replete with footnotes. Charles-Tiran Tekeian wrote using the language of an eyewitness, but 100 years later the characters and individual events are unknown to many, therefore the role of the researcher, Mr. Karen Aristakesyan, is of special importance.”
Lithuanian Foreign Minister at the Armenian Genocide Memorial
On April 26, within the framework of his official visit to Armenia, Lithuanian Foreign Minister Gabrielius Landsbergis visited the Armenian Genocide Memorial Complex.
Delegation headed by Gabrielius Landsbergis was welcomed by AGMI Director Harutyun Marutyan, who presented to the guests the history of the Memorial Complex.
RA Statesmen Paid Tribute to the Memory of the Armenian Genocide Victims
RA statesmen paid tribute to the memory of the Armenian Genocide victims.
Under the presidency of His Holiness Karekin II, Supreme Patriarch and Catholicos of All Armenians, a memorial service was held for the peace of souls of the Armenian Genocide victims.
Lemkin Scholars Contribute to the Research and Recognition of the Armenian Genocide
Documents relating to Komitas Vardapet have been found in the National Archives of Spain by Dr. Ivan Gaztañaga, who was a Lemkin scholar at the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute in 2017. Diplomatic letters found in the archives contain information about the Armenian Genocide. The letters clearly demonstrate that Spain was informed about the massacres and deportations perpetrated against the Armenians by the Ottoman Government. Moreover, Spanish diplomats in Constantinople tried to rescue Komitas Vardapet. One of Komitas Vardapet’s friends also requested the intervention of the King of Spain Alphonse XIII to rescue the composer.
The Opening of the Temporary Exhibition
“Tracing the Families of the Armenian Genocide Survivors”
The Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute Foundation annual reporting press conference took place on April 21.
AGMI Director Dr. Harutyun Marutyan presented the basic results of the research, scientific-educational and exhibition work carried out by the museum-institute during the previous year.
Book presentation at AGMI
On April 16, 2021, the presentation of the sixth and seventh volumes of the 10-volume series of titled "ARMENIAN GENOCIDE: PRELUDE AND AFTERMATH. AS REPORTED IN THE U.S. PRESS. THE WASHINGTON POST (1890-1922)") compiled by Father Vahan Ohanian, a member of the Mekhitarist Congregation, and Australian-Armenian researcher Ara Ketibian, took place in the conference hall of the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute Foundation.
The first five volumes of the multi-volume book cover the leading American dailies (The New York Times, Christian Science Monitor and Boston Daily Globe) with a total of 6696 articles.
The opening of the temporary exhibition “Tracing the Families of the Armenian Genocide Survivors” will take place at the temporary exhibition hall of the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute Foundation on April 21, 2021, at 12:00.
The stories of families of the Armenian Genocide survivors (about thirty), including those of the AGMI staff, will be presented. Original unique items, photos, documents, family relics and other materials from the AGMI collections will accompany the stories. The exhibition will include excerpts from the Armenian Genocide survivors’ video testimonies.
The study group on the issues of Artsakh, Nakhichevan and Azerbaijani Armenians starts working at AGMI
On February 26, 2021 the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute opened a competition for three researchers to work in AGMI to study mass violence and genocidal acts perpetrated against the Armenians in Artsakh, Nakhichevan and Armenian-populated areas of Azerbaijan in the 20th and 21st centuries.
Based on the results of the competition held on March 24, three researchers were selected: Naira Sahakyan, Gayane Hovhannisyan and Hayastan Martirosyan.
The visit of the French Representative to the European Parliament to the Armenian Genocide Memorial
On his visit to Armenia, Francois-Xavier Bellamy, the French representative to the European Parliament, visited the Armenian Genocide Memorial on April 3.
Harutyun Marutyan, director of the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute, briefed the guest on the history of the memorial. François-Xavier Bellamy laid flowers at the eternal fire and honored the memory of the innocent martyrs with a minute of silence. The deputy also visited the Armenian Genocide Museum and made a note in the Memory Book of Honorable Guests.
International Conference Invitation
September 16-18, 2021
Conference Hall of the Presidium of National Academy of Sciences of Armenia, Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute conference Hall, Yerevan State University, Matenadaran
The war unleashed by Azerbaijan and its ally Turkey on September 27, 2020 against the Republic of Artsakh and the following ceasefire between Azerbaijan, Armenia and Russia on November 9, had serious negative consequences for the Armenians: The Republic of Artsakh had great territorial losses, a significant number of the Armenians of Artsakh were deprived of the opportunity to live in their homeland and have become refugees.
Iraqi Defense Minister at the Armenian Genocide Memorial
On March 25, the Minister of Defense of the Republic of Iraq Jumaa Inad Saadun Khattab, who arrived in Armenia on an official visit, visited the Armenian Genocide Memorial.
The delegation led by the Minister of Defense of the Republic of Iraq was welcomed by Harutyun Marutyan, Director of the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute Foundation, who presented the history of the establishment of the Memorial. Minister Jumaa Inad Saadun Khattab laid a wreath at the Memorial to the victims of the Armenian Genocide and flowers at the eternal flame and held a minute of silence in memory of the victims.
Presentation of the book “Azeri Aggression against Armenians in Transcaucasia (1905-1921): Reports from the U.S. Press” at AGMI
Ara Ketibian, the Australian-Armenian literary critic and co-author of the multi-volume book “The Armenian Genocide: Prelude and Aftermath. As reported in the U.S. Press”, presented his book “Azeri Aggression against Armenians in Transcaucasia (1905-1921). Reports from the U.S. Press,” in the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute Foundation conference hall on March 19, 2021.
AGMI Director Harutyun Marutyan welcomed the guests and, in his speech, mentioned that the book has been written during the difficult days of the Second Artsakh War. Its aim was to present the depth of the Artsakh issue and American press coverage of the events of a hundred years ago to the public. He highlighted the author’s extensive work and added that the new book contains a wealth of material for researchers.
The Armenian Genocide Museum-Institutes
The Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute strongly condemns another attempt made by Ilham Aliyev, President of Azerbaijan, to distort the ownership of Armenian cultural monuments.
Ilham Aliyev, visiting the occupied territories of the Artsakh Republic including the 12th-century Surb Astvatsatsin (Holy Mother of God) Armenian Church in the village of Tsakuri in the Hadrut region in the last few days, made the following statement:
The “Special Operation”: to Kill Talaat
A lecture titled “Special Operation: to kill Talaat” took place in the conference hall of the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute on March 16, presented by AGMI chief registrar and researcher Gohar Khanumyan. It was held on the 100th anniversary of the assassination of Talaat Pasha, one of the main organizers of the Armenian genocide, by Soghomon Tehliryan.
The speaker presented the highly secret decision taken, at the 9th General Assembly of the ARF Dashnaktsutyun in Yerevan in the autumn 1919, to execute the organizers and perpetrators of the Armenian Genocide. The operation was called the “Special Operation,” better known as “Nemesis” and the ARF entrusted it to a special or responsible body set up for the purpose.
The “Special Operation”: to Kill Talaat
Soghomon Tehliryan was born on April 2, 1896 in the Province of Yerznka (Erzinjan), to the family of Khachatur and Hnazand Tehliryan and was the youngest of four brothers. After studying in his homeland, Soghomon left for Europe to obtain his higher education in Germany.
He was in Serbia, where his father and uncle were staying, when World War I broke out. He went to Tbilisi at the beginning of 1915 with a group of young Armenians living in the Balkans and joined the 1st volunteer unit commanded by General Andranik. In June 1915, Tehliryan entered Van with the Armenian volunteer unit in which he was serving, witnessing the deportation of the local Armenians.
The massacres and deportation of the Armenian population of Yerznka (Erzinjan) began at the beginning of July 1915. Only Armenuhi, his elder brother Misak’s daughter, survived from the 85-member Tehliryan family and was later found among the Kurds. (Soghomon's father Khachatur, brothers Misak, Sedrak and his uncle Oskian who were working in Serbia at that time also survived.
Jacob Künzler, a Swiss Armenophile
He was a missionary, doctor and nurse, a protestant deacon, eyewitness of the Armenian Genocide and the rescuer and caregiver of thousands of Armenian orphans and widows. All this is about Jacob Künzler, a Swiss. He served in Urfa for about 50 years and later in Ghazir (Lebanon), helping thousands of people, most of whom were Armenians.
Künzler's 28 “pre-Eastern” years were perhaps a long preparatory journey for his future work which was completed with honor. Losing his parents at an early age, he initially worked as a carpenter then, after studying in Basel, became a doctor's assistant and nurse. All this prepared him not only professionally, but also in terms of “humanity.” Künzler knew, from his personal experience, what it meant to be an orphan from an early age.
The new issue of the International Journal of Armenian Genocide Studies has been published
The new issue of the International Journal of Armenian Genocide Studies
has been published!
Please have a look at our newest volume which includes the following articles and reviews:
Jiří Cukr, Marek Jandák
Karel Hansa: the Czechoslovak Traveller in Syria and Lebanon in 1922 and His Work for the Benefit of Armenian Genocide Survivors
Armenian Genocide Survivors: The Strunga Orphanage in Romania
WWI Armenian Refugees Census Data as a Source for Ottoman Armenian Population Numbers on the Eve of the Armenian Genocide
A Hundred Years Ago: The Assassination of Mehmet Talaat (15 March 1921) and the Berlin Criminal Proceedings against Soghomon Tehlirian (2/3 June 1921): Background, Context, Effect
Hasmik Tigranyan, Edita Gzoyan
ECHR Retroactive Jurisdiction and the Possibility of Compensations for the Armenian Properties Confiscated during and after the Armenian Genocide: A Brief Analysis
Heghar Zeitlian Watenpaugh, The Missing Pages: The Modern Life of a Medieval Manuscript from Genocide to Justice, Stanford, California: Stanford University Press, 2019, 436 pp.
Reviewed by Sato Moughalian
Carolyn J. Dean, The Moral Witness: Trials and Testimony after Genocide, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2019, 198 pp.
Reviewed by Asya Darbinyan
It is impossible today to imagine human society without technological development. Innovation and technological advancement bring rapid changes in almost all spheres of human activity, including that of the military. However, the latest technological means, with all their advantages, can pose a great danger both for humanity generally and for certain groups of people, depending on their application. This applies, in particular, to unmanned aerial vehicles or drones that may appear in the hands of terrorist groups or in those of governments that tend to use them for specific targets.
In case of drones, the risk factor is great, as some of them can be created in a short period of time using only limited resources. At the same time, remote control allows drone operators to avoid casualties. One can also already imagine the destabilizing danger posed by state-produced drones equipped with state-of-the-art capabilities.
Prime Minister pays tribute to Sumgait crime victims
Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan, Ararat Mirzoyan, Speaker of the National Assembly, and Tigran Avinyan, Deputy Prime Minister, and other high-ranking officials visited the Tsitsernakaberd Memorial to pay tribute to the victims of the Armenian massacre organized in Sumgait on February 27-29, 1988, on the occasion of the 33rd anniversary of that crime.
The Prime Minister laid a wreath and flowers at the memorial to the victims.
Job vacancies for researchers at Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute Foundation
A competition has been opened for three researchers to work in AGMI to study mass violence and genocidal acts perpetrated against Armenians in Nakhichevan, Armenian-populated areas of Azerbaijan and Artsakh in the 20th and 21st centuries.
1. At least a master's degree in one of the following subjects: genocide studies, law, history, oriental studies, or other related fields.
Karapet Gabikyan - 160
Karapet Gabikyan, a lexicographer and ethnographer, was a remarkable Western Armenian intellectual and community activist. He was born in the Western Armenian city of Sebastia (Sivas) in 1861. He received his education in the school in the city then took up pedagogical work. He wrote many articles and three large-scale works.
When the mass arrests of Armenian intellectuals began in the spring of 1915 and exile became inevitable, Gabikyan voluntarily destroyed his works, notes and literary creations. Having been deported from the city with his family, he lost all of them on the road to exile.
Miraculously having survived, he was exiled to Aleppo in 1919, where he spent the last decade of his life suffering the bitterness and torture of his deportation. He had begun to write his memoirs when he was in Rakka during his deportation.
Azeri Aggression Against Armenians in Transcaucasia (1905-1921), Reports from the U.S. Press
Today, February 19, Australian-Armenian researcher and co-editor of the multi-volume publication “The Armenian Genocide, Prelude and Aftermath, as Reported in the U.S. Press”, Ara Ketibian
, visited the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute.
He presented to the director of AGMI, Mr. Harutyun Marutyan
, his new book “Azeri Aggression Against Armenians in Transcaucasia (1905-1921), Reports from the U.S. Press”
and donated 100 copies of the book to the AGMI.
The author explained that the principal motivation for compiling this new book was not only the latest aggression by Azeris against the Armenian people, but also his intention to refute the numerous reports circulated in the international media, which emphasized that this conflict was a direct consequence of the collapse of the Soviet Union (1988-1991).
Tokei Maru: The Salvation of Armenians and Greeks in Smyrna
An event titled “Tokei Maru: the Salvation of Armenian and Greeks in Smyrna”
took place in the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute Foundation conference hall on 18 February 2021. It was one of the events organized on the eve of the 100th anniversary of the Smyrna fire and extermination of the Armenians and Greeks of the city in 1922. It was organized in cooperation with the Armenian-Japanese Armenia-Nippon Scientific-Cultural Union NGO.
The event, which was dedicated to the friendship between the Armenian and Japanese peoples, was attended by Mr. Jun Yamada, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Japan to the Republic of Armenia, Second Secretary Mrs. Rika Onodera, Mr. Mnatsakan Safaryan, head of the Asia-Pacific Division of the RA Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Mrs. Maria Lazareva, President of the Union of Greek Communities of Armenia and other guests.
British Minister visits Armenian Genocide Memorial
On a working visit to Armenia, Wendy Morton, UK Minister for European Neighborhood and the Americas of Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office, visited the Armenian Genocide Memorial today.
Harutyun Marutyan, director of the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute Foundation, briefed the guest on the history of the memorial.
Wendy Morton laid a wreath at the memorial to the victims of the Armenian Genocide and flowers at the eternal flame, and honored the memory of the innocent martyrs with a minute of silence.
Presentation of the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute Foundation’s Publications in 2020
The presentation of newly published and republished AGMI books took place in the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute’s conference hall on February 16, 2020.
The presentation was attended by Mr. Jonathan Lacotte
, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the French Republic to the Republic of Armenia; Ms. Nicola Stanisch
, Director of the “Aurora” Humanitarian Initiative; Mr. Harout Nercessian
, Armenian Representative of the Armenian Missionary Association of America; Ms. Arpi Vardanyan
, Regional Director of the Armenian Assembly of America; as well as other guests.
Mr. Harutyun Marutyan
, AGMI Director, greeted the guests with an opening speech, noting that 2020 was a fruitful year for the AGMI in terms of publications, thanks to the expansion of cooperation and the efforts made by AGMI staff.
A Condemnable Act
There is a unique monument at the intersection of Teryan and Moskovyan streets at Yerevan’s Ring Park. It is dedicated to the memory of the victims of both Armenian and Jewish genocides.
There are hundreds of monuments dedicated to the Armenian Genocide or the Jewish Holocaust in different parts of the world, but this monument, created by Ruben Arucharyan and placed in Yerevan on 27 October 2006, is unique in its harmony. It symbolizes, in fact, not only the great crime of genocide, but also the connection between the memories of both the Armenians and the Jews and the similarity and connection of their fates.
Vandals daubed red paint on this monument on 12 February, leaving inscriptions detailing the names of Israeli-made weapons - Lora, Elbit, Harop, Sandcat, Hermes and Orbiter - that were used by Azerbaijan during the Artsakh war of 2020.
Presentation of “Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute” Foundation’s 2020 Publications
On 16 February, at 14:00, presentation of eight books of the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute Foundation published in 2020, will take place at the AGMI Conference Hall.
Last year was unprecedented for AGMI in terms of publications. Eight books were published through the efforts of the staff, including AGMI researcher Narek Poghosyan
’s monograph “The Problem of the Armenian Genocide in Raphael Lemkin’s Studies,” collection of articles presented at the conference, funded by the Armenian Missionary Association of America in 2019, “The Rescue of Armenians in the Middle East in 1915-1923: Proceedings of the International Conference,”
edited by Harutyun Marutyan
and Narine Margaryan
The second issue of Ts’eghaspanagitakan Handes of 2020 has been published
The second issue of Ts’eghaspanagitakan Handes
of 2020 has been published.
As part of the efforts to internationalize the AGMI journals, a separate website for the AGMI publications has been launched: https://agmipublications.asnet.am/
. You can find the issues of our journals, as well as other AGMI publications on this page.
AGMI has become a member of the international scientific indexing system Crossref and henceforth our journal articles will have DOIs (Digital Object Identifier).
Zabel Yesayan. for the sake of the armenian orphans
One of the most prominent Armenian writers who witnessed and narrated the Armenian atrocities, Zabel Yesayan was a publicist, literary critic, public figure and had a great role in the salvation of the Armenian orphans. She went to Cilicia after the Adana massacres of 1909 as a member of the Patriarchate’s second delegation which had the aim of gathering up Armenian orphans and founding an orphanage. Three months later, having partially fulfilled her mission, Yesayan returned to the capital of the Empire in September, 1909. She published her book “In the Ruins”
in Constantinople in 1911. This was a “report” of her activities in connection with the Adana massacres and its consequences.
Yesayan was the only woman on the list of the Armenian intellectuals targeted for arrest on April, 1915. She was able to evade arrest and flee to the Caucasus, where she worked with refugees and orphans, documenting their eyewitness accounts of atrocities.
“Armenian Genocide and Jewish Genocide: Relationship Issues”
On 29 January, methodological seminar “Armenian Genocide and Jewish Genocide: Relationship Issues”
took place at the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute, dedicated to the anniversaries of the liberation of the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp and end of World War II.
A welcome speech was delivered by AGMI Director Harutyun Marutyan
, who emphasized the importance of Remembrance Days in preventing such crimes.
The head of the Jewish community of Armenia Rima Varzhapetyan-Feller
greeted the audiences and gifted to the AGMI scientific library a book entitled “The Jews of Noah’s Land”
The Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute Foundation (AGMI) and The Society for Armenian Studies (SAS) Sign An Agreement on Cooperation
On January 13, 2021 The Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute Foundation (AGMI)
signed an Agreement on Cooperation with the Society for Armenian Studies (SAS)
. The Agreement aims at cooperating on different academic projects that would be beneficial to both parties and advance the field of Armenian Genocide studies. The scope of the cooperation includes, but is not limited to, exchange of mutual information on academic activities carried out by both parties; exchange and loans of books relevant to both parties; exchange of knowledge and expertise with respect to Armenian Genocide; sharing of advice, educational consultation, and research about the Armenian Genocide study and research; cooperation through local and international conferences and symposia to advance the field of genocide studies in general and Armenian Genocide studies in particular; mutual cooperation to educate the general public about the Armenian Genocide; and close cooperation and coordination between the Journal of the Society for Armenian Studies (JSAS) published by the prestigious Brill publishing house and the International Journal of Armenia Genocide Studies (IJAGS), Ts’eghaspanagitakan Handes, both published by the AGMI.
Bodil Biørn - 150
Bodil Katharine Biørn
was born in 27 January 1871, in Kragerø, Norway. She has studied music in Germany and got religious education in Oslo. After working for ten years as a nurse in Norway and Germany, she has joined the Norwegian branch of “Women Missionary Workers”
In winter 1905, Bodil was sent to Germany to the German Hospital in Marash, founded by the German Eastern Mission. Shortly afterwards, she was sent to Mezre to work in a German orphanage. There was a missionary station in Mezre, but Mush had only two Turkish doctors, one of whom was a military doctor. In 1907, Biørn settles in Mush, where she stays for nine years. Here he established an outpatient clinic, which served up to 4,000 visitors a year.
Throughout her stay in Mush, she continued to make home visits to villages in the region, providing medical care to Christians and Muslims alike. Bodil begins to teach medicine, to have assistants and substitutes in case of need. Biørn establishes a school for illiterate women, where the orphanage girls start teaching them reading and writing. For fundraising purposes Biørn had brought with her a camera from Norway to present the life of the locals in the branches of WMW. Her photos were used in reports at Women Missionary Workers’ meetings, and later served as evidence of the genocide.
Armenian Massacres in Baku during January 13-19: Another Genocidal Act
Out of the population of 1.7 million in Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan, more than 200,000 were Armenian. Typically, right from the beginning of the Karabagh Movement, the issue of the security of Armenians in Baku at that time and later was being linked to the developments of the Karabagh issue, not only by the Azerbaijani, but also the highest Soviet leadership. In a meeting of February 25, 1988, between Zori Balaian and Silva Kaputikian and Michael Gorbachev, the latter asked, “Have you thought about the fate of 207,000 Armenians living in Baku?”
Einar af Wirsén - 75
Einar af Wirsén was born in 1875, in Uppsala, Sweden. He received his higher military education at the Royal Military Academy of Sweden. In 1900-1902, he has entered the Swedish Royal Army Staff College. In 1903, he has received the degree of attachment and continued his education. During 1910-1914 he has served in the General Staff. In August 1915, he was sent to the Ottoman Empire for diplomatic service. As a military attaché to the Swedish embassy, he remained in the empire until 1920, first in Constantinople, then in Sofia. As a diplomatic representative of a neutral country, Wirsén had the opportunity to travel through the empire during the war, to go to the front, to meet Turkish-German military and political figures. Wirsén’s information on the Armenian Genocide is based on the diplomat’s personal observations, German-Turkish military intelligence, as well as unofficial testimonies provided by German military personnel in the Ottoman Empire. Wirsén’s first telegrams to the Stockholm General Staff about the Armenian Genocide date back to February 1916. The attaché emphasizes that the deportation of Armenians is not the result of the governmental miscalculation or inability to control the situation, but is aimed at their destruction. Wirsén speaks of the unfriendly attitude of Turkish circles towards him due to a booklet in 1919 on the Balkans, in which he spoke negatively about the political order.
The Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute will be closed from December 30 till January 7, 2021.
The Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute Foundation