Lemkin Scholars Contribute to the Research and Recognition of the Armenian Genocide
Documents relating to Komitas Vardapet have been found in the National Archives of Spain by Dr. Ivan Gaztañaga, who was a Lemkin scholar at the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute in 2017. Diplomatic letters found in the archives contain information about the Armenian Genocide. The letters clearly demonstrate that Spain was informed about the massacres and deportations perpetrated against the Armenians by the Ottoman Government. Moreover, Spanish diplomats in Constantinople tried to rescue Komitas Vardapet. One of Komitas Vardapet’s friends also requested the intervention of the King of Spain Alphonse XIII to rescue the composer.
Book presentation at AGMI
On April 16, 2021, the presentation of the sixth and seventh volumes of the 10-volume series of titled "ARMENIAN GENOCIDE: PRELUDE AND AFTERMATH. AS REPORTED IN THE U.S. PRESS. THE WASHINGTON POST (1890-1922)") compiled by Father Vahan Ohanian, a member of the Mekhitarist Congregation, and Australian-Armenian researcher Ara Ketibian, took place in the conference hall of the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute Foundation.
The first five volumes of the multi-volume book cover the leading American dailies (The New York Times, Christian Science Monitor and Boston Daily Globe) with a total of 6696 articles.
The opening of the temporary exhibition “Tracing the Families of the Armenian Genocide Survivors” will take place at the temporary exhibition hall of the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute Foundation on April 21, 2021, at 12:00.
The stories of families of the Armenian Genocide survivors (about thirty), including those of the AGMI staff, will be presented. Original unique items, photos, documents, family relics and other materials from the AGMI collections will accompany the stories. The exhibition will include excerpts from the Armenian Genocide survivors’ video testimonies.
The study group on the issues of Artsakh, Nakhichevan and Azerbaijani Armenians starts working at AGMI
On February 26, 2021 the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute opened a competition for three researchers to work in AGMI to study mass violence and genocidal acts perpetrated against the Armenians in Artsakh, Nakhichevan and Armenian-populated areas of Azerbaijan in the 20th and 21st centuries.
Based on the results of the competition held on March 24, three researchers were selected: Naira Sahakyan, Gayane Hovhannisyan and Hayastan Martirosyan.
The visit of the French Representative to the European Parliament to the Armenian Genocide Memorial
On his visit to Armenia, Francois-Xavier Bellamy, the French representative to the European Parliament, visited the Armenian Genocide Memorial on April 3.
Harutyun Marutyan, director of the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute, briefed the guest on the history of the memorial. François-Xavier Bellamy laid flowers at the eternal fire and honored the memory of the innocent martyrs with a minute of silence. The deputy also visited the Armenian Genocide Museum and made a note in the Memory Book of Honorable Guests.
International Conference Invitation
September 16-18, 2021
Conference Hall of the Presidium of National Academy of Sciences of Armenia, Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute conference Hall, Yerevan State University, Matenadaran
The war unleashed by Azerbaijan and its ally Turkey on September 27, 2020 against the Republic of Artsakh and the following ceasefire between Azerbaijan, Armenia and Russia on November 9, had serious negative consequences for the Armenians: The Republic of Artsakh had great territorial losses, a significant number of the Armenians of Artsakh were deprived of the opportunity to live in their homeland and have become refugees.
Iraqi Defense Minister at the Armenian Genocide Memorial
On March 25, the Minister of Defense of the Republic of Iraq Jumaa Inad Saadun Khattab, who arrived in Armenia on an official visit, visited the Armenian Genocide Memorial.
The delegation led by the Minister of Defense of the Republic of Iraq was welcomed by Harutyun Marutyan, Director of the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute Foundation, who presented the history of the establishment of the Memorial. Minister Jumaa Inad Saadun Khattab laid a wreath at the Memorial to the victims of the Armenian Genocide and flowers at the eternal flame and held a minute of silence in memory of the victims.
Presentation of the book “Azeri Aggression against Armenians in Transcaucasia (1905-1921): Reports from the U.S. Press” at AGMI
Ara Ketibian, the Australian-Armenian literary critic and co-author of the multi-volume book “The Armenian Genocide: Prelude and Aftermath. As reported in the U.S. Press”, presented his book “Azeri Aggression against Armenians in Transcaucasia (1905-1921). Reports from the U.S. Press,” in the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute Foundation conference hall on March 19, 2021.
AGMI Director Harutyun Marutyan welcomed the guests and, in his speech, mentioned that the book has been written during the difficult days of the Second Artsakh War. Its aim was to present the depth of the Artsakh issue and American press coverage of the events of a hundred years ago to the public. He highlighted the author’s extensive work and added that the new book contains a wealth of material for researchers.
The Armenian Genocide Museum-Institutes
The Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute strongly condemns another attempt made by Ilham Aliyev, President of Azerbaijan, to distort the ownership of Armenian cultural monuments.
Ilham Aliyev, visiting the occupied territories of the Artsakh Republic including the 12th-century Surb Astvatsatsin (Holy Mother of God) Armenian Church in the village of Tsakuri in the Hadrut region in the last few days, made the following statement:
The “Special Operation”: to Kill Talaat
A lecture titled “Special Operation: to kill Talaat” took place in the conference hall of the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute on March 16, presented by AGMI chief registrar and researcher Gohar Khanumyan. It was held on the 100th anniversary of the assassination of Talaat Pasha, one of the main organizers of the Armenian genocide, by Soghomon Tehliryan.
The speaker presented the highly secret decision taken, at the 9th General Assembly of the ARF Dashnaktsutyun in Yerevan in the autumn 1919, to execute the organizers and perpetrators of the Armenian Genocide. The operation was called the “Special Operation,” better known as “Nemesis” and the ARF entrusted it to a special or responsible body set up for the purpose.
The “Special Operation”: to Kill Talaat
Soghomon Tehliryan was born on April 2, 1896 in the Province of Yerznka (Erzinjan), to the family of Khachatur and Hnazand Tehliryan and was the youngest of four brothers. After studying in his homeland, Soghomon left for Europe to obtain his higher education in Germany.
He was in Serbia, where his father and uncle were staying, when World War I broke out. He went to Tbilisi at the beginning of 1915 with a group of young Armenians living in the Balkans and joined the 1st volunteer unit commanded by General Andranik. In June 1915, Tehliryan entered Van with the Armenian volunteer unit in which he was serving, witnessing the deportation of the local Armenians.
The massacres and deportation of the Armenian population of Yerznka (Erzinjan) began at the beginning of July 1915. Only Armenuhi, his elder brother Misak’s daughter, survived from the 85-member Tehliryan family and was later found among the Kurds. (Soghomon's father Khachatur, brothers Misak, Sedrak and his uncle Oskian who were working in Serbia at that time also survived.
Jacob Künzler, a Swiss Armenophile
He was a missionary, doctor and nurse, a protestant deacon, eyewitness of the Armenian Genocide and the rescuer and caregiver of thousands of Armenian orphans and widows. All this is about Jacob Künzler, a Swiss. He served in Urfa for about 50 years and later in Ghazir (Lebanon), helping thousands of people, most of whom were Armenians.
Künzler's 28 “pre-Eastern” years were perhaps a long preparatory journey for his future work which was completed with honor. Losing his parents at an early age, he initially worked as a carpenter then, after studying in Basel, became a doctor's assistant and nurse. All this prepared him not only professionally, but also in terms of “humanity.” Künzler knew, from his personal experience, what it meant to be an orphan from an early age.
The new issue of the International Journal of Armenian Genocide Studies has been published
The new issue of the International Journal of Armenian Genocide Studies
has been published!
Please have a look at our newest volume which includes the following articles and reviews:
Jiří Cukr, Marek Jandák
Karel Hansa: the Czechoslovak Traveller in Syria and Lebanon in 1922 and His Work for the Benefit of Armenian Genocide Survivors
Armenian Genocide Survivors: The Strunga Orphanage in Romania
WWI Armenian Refugees Census Data as a Source for Ottoman Armenian Population Numbers on the Eve of the Armenian Genocide
A Hundred Years Ago: The Assassination of Mehmet Talaat (15 March 1921) and the Berlin Criminal Proceedings against Soghomon Tehlirian (2/3 June 1921): Background, Context, Effect
Hasmik Tigranyan, Edita Gzoyan
ECHR Retroactive Jurisdiction and the Possibility of Compensations for the Armenian Properties Confiscated during and after the Armenian Genocide: A Brief Analysis
Heghar Zeitlian Watenpaugh, The Missing Pages: The Modern Life of a Medieval Manuscript from Genocide to Justice, Stanford, California: Stanford University Press, 2019, 436 pp.
Reviewed by Sato Moughalian
Carolyn J. Dean, The Moral Witness: Trials and Testimony after Genocide, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2019, 198 pp.
Reviewed by Asya Darbinyan
It is impossible today to imagine human society without technological development. Innovation and technological advancement bring rapid changes in almost all spheres of human activity, including that of the military. However, the latest technological means, with all their advantages, can pose a great danger both for humanity generally and for certain groups of people, depending on their application. This applies, in particular, to unmanned aerial vehicles or drones that may appear in the hands of terrorist groups or in those of governments that tend to use them for specific targets.
In case of drones, the risk factor is great, as some of them can be created in a short period of time using only limited resources. At the same time, remote control allows drone operators to avoid casualties. One can also already imagine the destabilizing danger posed by state-produced drones equipped with state-of-the-art capabilities.
Prime Minister pays tribute to Sumgait crime victims
Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan, Ararat Mirzoyan, Speaker of the National Assembly, and Tigran Avinyan, Deputy Prime Minister, and other high-ranking officials visited the Tsitsernakaberd Memorial to pay tribute to the victims of the Armenian massacre organized in Sumgait on February 27-29, 1988, on the occasion of the 33rd anniversary of that crime.
The Prime Minister laid a wreath and flowers at the memorial to the victims.
Job vacancies for researchers at Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute Foundation
A competition has been opened for three researchers to work in AGMI to study mass violence and genocidal acts perpetrated against Armenians in Nakhichevan, Armenian-populated areas of Azerbaijan and Artsakh in the 20th and 21st centuries.
1. At least a master's degree in one of the following subjects: genocide studies, law, history, oriental studies, or other related fields.
Karapet Gabikyan - 160
Karapet Gabikyan, a lexicographer and ethnographer, was a remarkable Western Armenian intellectual and community activist. He was born in the Western Armenian city of Sebastia (Sivas) in 1861. He received his education in the school in the city then took up pedagogical work. He wrote many articles and three large-scale works.
When the mass arrests of Armenian intellectuals began in the spring of 1915 and exile became inevitable, Gabikyan voluntarily destroyed his works, notes and literary creations. Having been deported from the city with his family, he lost all of them on the road to exile.
Miraculously having survived, he was exiled to Aleppo in 1919, where he spent the last decade of his life suffering the bitterness and torture of his deportation. He had begun to write his memoirs when he was in Rakka during his deportation.
Azeri Aggression Against Armenians in Transcaucasia (1905-1921), Reports from the U.S. Press
Today, February 19, Australian-Armenian researcher and co-editor of the multi-volume publication “The Armenian Genocide, Prelude and Aftermath, as Reported in the U.S. Press”, Ara Ketibian
, visited the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute.
He presented to the director of AGMI, Mr. Harutyun Marutyan
, his new book “Azeri Aggression Against Armenians in Transcaucasia (1905-1921), Reports from the U.S. Press”
and donated 100 copies of the book to the AGMI.
The author explained that the principal motivation for compiling this new book was not only the latest aggression by Azeris against the Armenian people, but also his intention to refute the numerous reports circulated in the international media, which emphasized that this conflict was a direct consequence of the collapse of the Soviet Union (1988-1991).
Tokei Maru: The Salvation of Armenians and Greeks in Smyrna
An event titled “Tokei Maru: the Salvation of Armenian and Greeks in Smyrna”
took place in the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute Foundation conference hall on 18 February 2021. It was one of the events organized on the eve of the 100th anniversary of the Smyrna fire and extermination of the Armenians and Greeks of the city in 1922. It was organized in cooperation with the Armenian-Japanese Armenia-Nippon Scientific-Cultural Union NGO.
The event, which was dedicated to the friendship between the Armenian and Japanese peoples, was attended by Mr. Jun Yamada, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Japan to the Republic of Armenia, Second Secretary Mrs. Rika Onodera, Mr. Mnatsakan Safaryan, head of the Asia-Pacific Division of the RA Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Mrs. Maria Lazareva, President of the Union of Greek Communities of Armenia and other guests.
British Minister visits Armenian Genocide Memorial
On a working visit to Armenia, Wendy Morton, UK Minister for European Neighborhood and the Americas of Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office, visited the Armenian Genocide Memorial today.
Harutyun Marutyan, director of the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute Foundation, briefed the guest on the history of the memorial.
Wendy Morton laid a wreath at the memorial to the victims of the Armenian Genocide and flowers at the eternal flame, and honored the memory of the innocent martyrs with a minute of silence.
Presentation of the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute Foundation’s Publications in 2020
The presentation of newly published and republished AGMI books took place in the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute’s conference hall on February 16, 2020.
The presentation was attended by Mr. Jonathan Lacotte
, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the French Republic to the Republic of Armenia; Ms. Nicola Stanisch
, Director of the “Aurora” Humanitarian Initiative; Mr. Harout Nercessian
, Armenian Representative of the Armenian Missionary Association of America; Ms. Arpi Vardanyan
, Regional Director of the Armenian Assembly of America; as well as other guests.
Mr. Harutyun Marutyan
, AGMI Director, greeted the guests with an opening speech, noting that 2020 was a fruitful year for the AGMI in terms of publications, thanks to the expansion of cooperation and the efforts made by AGMI staff.
A Condemnable Act
There is a unique monument at the intersection of Teryan and Moskovyan streets at Yerevan’s Ring Park. It is dedicated to the memory of the victims of both Armenian and Jewish genocides.
There are hundreds of monuments dedicated to the Armenian Genocide or the Jewish Holocaust in different parts of the world, but this monument, created by Ruben Arucharyan and placed in Yerevan on 27 October 2006, is unique in its harmony. It symbolizes, in fact, not only the great crime of genocide, but also the connection between the memories of both the Armenians and the Jews and the similarity and connection of their fates.
Vandals daubed red paint on this monument on 12 February, leaving inscriptions detailing the names of Israeli-made weapons - Lora, Elbit, Harop, Sandcat, Hermes and Orbiter - that were used by Azerbaijan during the Artsakh war of 2020.
Presentation of “Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute” Foundation’s 2020 Publications
On 16 February, at 14:00, presentation of eight books of the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute Foundation published in 2020, will take place at the AGMI Conference Hall.
Last year was unprecedented for AGMI in terms of publications. Eight books were published through the efforts of the staff, including AGMI researcher Narek Poghosyan
’s monograph “The Problem of the Armenian Genocide in Raphael Lemkin’s Studies,” collection of articles presented at the conference, funded by the Armenian Missionary Association of America in 2019, “The Rescue of Armenians in the Middle East in 1915-1923: Proceedings of the International Conference,”
edited by Harutyun Marutyan
and Narine Margaryan
The second issue of Ts’eghaspanagitakan Handes of 2020 has been published
The second issue of Ts’eghaspanagitakan Handes
of 2020 has been published.
As part of the efforts to internationalize the AGMI journals, a separate website for the AGMI publications has been launched: https://agmipublications.asnet.am/
. You can find the issues of our journals, as well as other AGMI publications on this page.
AGMI has become a member of the international scientific indexing system Crossref and henceforth our journal articles will have DOIs (Digital Object Identifier).
Zabel Yesayan. for the sake of the armenian orphans
One of the most prominent Armenian writers who witnessed and narrated the Armenian atrocities, Zabel Yesayan was a publicist, literary critic, public figure and had a great role in the salvation of the Armenian orphans. She went to Cilicia after the Adana massacres of 1909 as a member of the Patriarchate’s second delegation which had the aim of gathering up Armenian orphans and founding an orphanage. Three months later, having partially fulfilled her mission, Yesayan returned to the capital of the Empire in September, 1909. She published her book “In the Ruins”
in Constantinople in 1911. This was a “report” of her activities in connection with the Adana massacres and its consequences.
Yesayan was the only woman on the list of the Armenian intellectuals targeted for arrest on April, 1915. She was able to evade arrest and flee to the Caucasus, where she worked with refugees and orphans, documenting their eyewitness accounts of atrocities.
“Armenian Genocide and Jewish Genocide: Relationship Issues”
On 29 January, methodological seminar “Armenian Genocide and Jewish Genocide: Relationship Issues”
took place at the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute, dedicated to the anniversaries of the liberation of the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp and end of World War II.
A welcome speech was delivered by AGMI Director Harutyun Marutyan
, who emphasized the importance of Remembrance Days in preventing such crimes.
The head of the Jewish community of Armenia Rima Varzhapetyan-Feller
greeted the audiences and gifted to the AGMI scientific library a book entitled “The Jews of Noah’s Land”
The Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute Foundation (AGMI) and The Society for Armenian Studies (SAS) Sign An Agreement on Cooperation
On January 13, 2021 The Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute Foundation (AGMI)
signed an Agreement on Cooperation with the Society for Armenian Studies (SAS)
. The Agreement aims at cooperating on different academic projects that would be beneficial to both parties and advance the field of Armenian Genocide studies. The scope of the cooperation includes, but is not limited to, exchange of mutual information on academic activities carried out by both parties; exchange and loans of books relevant to both parties; exchange of knowledge and expertise with respect to Armenian Genocide; sharing of advice, educational consultation, and research about the Armenian Genocide study and research; cooperation through local and international conferences and symposia to advance the field of genocide studies in general and Armenian Genocide studies in particular; mutual cooperation to educate the general public about the Armenian Genocide; and close cooperation and coordination between the Journal of the Society for Armenian Studies (JSAS) published by the prestigious Brill publishing house and the International Journal of Armenia Genocide Studies (IJAGS), Ts’eghaspanagitakan Handes, both published by the AGMI.
Bodil Biørn - 150
Bodil Katharine Biørn
was born in 27 January 1871, in Kragerø, Norway. She has studied music in Germany and got religious education in Oslo. After working for ten years as a nurse in Norway and Germany, she has joined the Norwegian branch of “Women Missionary Workers”
In winter 1905, Bodil was sent to Germany to the German Hospital in Marash, founded by the German Eastern Mission. Shortly afterwards, she was sent to Mezre to work in a German orphanage. There was a missionary station in Mezre, but Mush had only two Turkish doctors, one of whom was a military doctor. In 1907, Biørn settles in Mush, where she stays for nine years. Here he established an outpatient clinic, which served up to 4,000 visitors a year.
Throughout her stay in Mush, she continued to make home visits to villages in the region, providing medical care to Christians and Muslims alike. Bodil begins to teach medicine, to have assistants and substitutes in case of need. Biørn establishes a school for illiterate women, where the orphanage girls start teaching them reading and writing. For fundraising purposes Biørn had brought with her a camera from Norway to present the life of the locals in the branches of WMW. Her photos were used in reports at Women Missionary Workers’ meetings, and later served as evidence of the genocide.
Armenian Massacres in Baku during January 13-19: Another Genocidal Act
Out of the population of 1.7 million in Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan, more than 200,000 were Armenian. Typically, right from the beginning of the Karabagh Movement, the issue of the security of Armenians in Baku at that time and later was being linked to the developments of the Karabagh issue, not only by the Azerbaijani, but also the highest Soviet leadership. In a meeting of February 25, 1988, between Zori Balaian and Silva Kaputikian and Michael Gorbachev, the latter asked, “Have you thought about the fate of 207,000 Armenians living in Baku?”
Einar af Wirsén - 75
Einar af Wirsén was born in 1875, in Uppsala, Sweden. He received his higher military education at the Royal Military Academy of Sweden. In 1900-1902, he has entered the Swedish Royal Army Staff College. In 1903, he has received the degree of attachment and continued his education. During 1910-1914 he has served in the General Staff. In August 1915, he was sent to the Ottoman Empire for diplomatic service. As a military attaché to the Swedish embassy, he remained in the empire until 1920, first in Constantinople, then in Sofia. As a diplomatic representative of a neutral country, Wirsén had the opportunity to travel through the empire during the war, to go to the front, to meet Turkish-German military and political figures. Wirsén’s information on the Armenian Genocide is based on the diplomat’s personal observations, German-Turkish military intelligence, as well as unofficial testimonies provided by German military personnel in the Ottoman Empire. Wirsén’s first telegrams to the Stockholm General Staff about the Armenian Genocide date back to February 1916. The attaché emphasizes that the deportation of Armenians is not the result of the governmental miscalculation or inability to control the situation, but is aimed at their destruction. Wirsén speaks of the unfriendly attitude of Turkish circles towards him due to a booklet in 1919 on the Balkans, in which he spoke negatively about the political order.
The Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute will be closed from December 30 till January 7, 2021.
The Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute Foundation